© Kati Haefner

© Kati Haefner

© Ingo Zasada

© Ingo Zasada

© Ingo Zasada

© Ingo Zasada

© Ingo Zasada

© Ingo Zasada

© Ingo Zasada

Biodiversity and habitat related public good issues in PROVIDE deal with the effects of agriculture and forestry on species and ecosystem diversity. Issues include losses of biodiversity due to habitat losses, use of pesticides, and intensive management.

In AT-1 and UK-1, the intensive agricultural production is assumed to be responsible for losses of biodiversity due to habitat losses (e.g. insufficient cover for species like hares and birds due to missing landscape elements such as hedgerows, field margins, etc.), the use of pesticides (e.g. negative effects on insects, birds) and intensive management techniques (impacts on soil biodiversity). In IT-3, located in the mountainous areas of the Ravenna province, biodiversity as a driver for pollination services for the production of permanent crops is dependent on the amount of land allocated to conservation, in competition with arable land and land for the cultivation of permanent crops. In the Kromme Rijn area in the Netherlands (NL-1), agricultural intensification without the implementation of sufficient agrobiodiversity measures is held responsible for negatively influencing the natural environment in terms of biodiversity. Also here land allocation of nature conservation area is considered as not optimal. Also in the Biebrza river valley in Poland (PL-1), intensification tendencies and the abandonment of traditional agricultural practices are assumed the major risk for biodiversity. On the contrary, in the wetlands of the Odet watershed (FR-1) and in the mountain olive groves in Andalusia in Spain (ES-1), changes in biodiversity result not from intensification but from the abandonment of very specific and distinct agro-ecosystems with specific habitat structures and species composition (agricultural wetlands and mountain olive groves) rather than from intensification.

PG SUPPLY biodiversity & habitat

Austria:

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Germany:

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Poland:

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Spain:


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PG SUPPLY/DEMAND biodiversity and habitat

France:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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PG DEMAND biodiversity and habitat

 

Austria:

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UK:

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Netherlands:

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