The governance strategy investigated consists of four GMs as follows:
- Spatial planning;
- Agreements between private forest owners and local government;
- Financial relief scheme for the state-owned forest management;
- Technical assistance and information.
Presently, there is no GM that could be used to regulate forest management for keeping scenery and recreation values of forests. The suggested strategy makes use of existing procedures of county level spatial planning (GM1) for defining the forest areas where GM2 and GM3 can be implemented. GM2 and GM3 are planned to be based on voluntary long term agreements with local governments. Agreements provide opportunity of finding locally adapted complex and flexible solutions for forest management. They can include not only restrictions to clear cut on certain forest compartments but may also improve management of other forest compartments.
GM3 includes dividend reduction to the State Forest Management Centre and GM2 includes environmental support for private forest owners. These mechanisms are chosen to compensate for the reduction of income caused by cutting restrictions.
The proposed strategy complies with the criteria of good governance. It is purposeful. Effectiveness and measurability are provided through monitoring the coverage with agreements and implementation of them. Acceptability for the target groups is ensured by negotiations and voluntariness of agreements. All forest owners in the target area are treated equally.
After implementation of the strategy a remarkable part of the (from the viewpoint of scenery and recreation) most valuable forest compartments surrounding densely settled areas will be preserved years or decades longer. Hopefully, a number of less valuable compartments will be managed better too because of the strengthening co-operation of forest owners and local municipalities.