The PGs are designed by the policy makers (Organic farming, Natura 2000) and from the market are logging and food production. The PGs are defined by the policy makers through the public programmes based on the budget funds (regional and municipality level). Also exist regional water management plans. Private governance mechanisms are dominateed by local brands, agricultural and credit cooperatives and private investors. Connected with agriculture system in the region is the direct marketing as private governance. Access to credit is limited for the small farms. The financial support is for preserving the local variety of livestock and plant production. Existing certification and labelling mechanism for Food and Forest products (Smilan been, Rodopi bull, “Mursal herb tea and organic farming). Existing knowledge about the network supporting mechanism are: local collective actions, producers groups, advisory and information services (NAAS and information centres), and local action group (LEADER approach), knowledge transfer and innovation organisation (Research Institutes and Universities for agriculture and forest). Others governance mechanisms are based on the environmental clubs and society (Hunting and Fishing Union, carrying about the biodiversity).
We investigated a mix of 3 governance mechanisms – collective action, AES and quality product certification.
The main advantages of the proposed Governance Mechanism from the stakeholders’ point of view are:
- Protection on local small producers.
- Guarantee for consumers
- Development of local communities
Expectations after implementation
- Better image of the region and more opportunities of investments in other sectors.
- Small farms must be core of this mechanism. They can be supported by LAGs.
- Landscape aesthetic will somewhat decrease due to abandonment of land.
- Soil functionality will increase due to low intensive production.
- Improvement of life quality in the region and welfare.