The topic cluster intensive and mixed agriculture is characterized by an under-provision of public goods due to intensive agriculture (or ongoing intensification).  Public goods involving mainly water quality degradation, particular in the cases of mixed farming systems due to nutrients as addressed in the Italian and Scottish cases. As well as water quantity, in the German case and landscape degradation, biodiversity losses, especially along rivers, as in the Polish case and decreasing of soil functionality. Determinants of intensification are increasing alternative costs and/or due to regional policies.

Aberdeenshire (UK)

Aberdeenshire (UK)

Water quality and Biodiversity in the “Ugie river” catchment in Scotland

 

Brandenburg (DE)

Brandenburg (DE)

Climate stability, water quantity and biodiversity in peatland areas in Brandenburg in Germany

Emilia Romagna (IT)

Emilia Romagna (IT)

Water availability and biodiversity in the hilly and mountain area of the Ravenna province in Italy

Kromme Rijn (NL)

Kromme Rijn (NL)

Habitats and biodiversity in the “Kromme Rijn” area in the Netherlands

 

Marchfeld (AT)

Marchfeld (AT)

Soil functionality, landscape quality (habitats and biodiversity) and water quality in the intensive arable region in East Austria

Dolina Biebrzy (PL)

Dolina Biebrzy (PL)

Biodiversity in the the Biebrza river valley in Poland